Diabetes was discussed on each of the shows. It is a major concern for everyone. Prevention begins with understanding just how serious this problem is becoming.
Video Highlights of Diabetes Information
Watch a half-hour of video footage of diabetes information and discussions from the TV series:
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that stems from the body's inability to sufficiently produce and/or properly use insulin which the body needs to use sugar as an energy source. Diabetes can lead to serious complications and premature death but those who have diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower the risk of complications.
There are three main types of diabetes as follows:
Pre-diabetes is a key risk factor for type 2 diabetes. It is a risk condition where blood glucose levels are elevated, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Pre-diabetes is diagnosed by measuring impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. Impaired fasting glucose pre-diabetes is associated with fasting blood glucose levels from 6.1 to 6.9mmol/L; impaired glucose tolerance is where blood glucose levels range from 7.8 to 11mmol/L after a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test. In Canada, it is estimated that 4 million people between the ages of 40 and 74 have impaired fasting glucose and 1.8 million have impaired glucose tolerance.
Several factors contribute to a person's risk of developing diabetes. Scientists do not know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes, but they believe that both genetic factors and exposure to viruses are involved.
Risk factors that contribute to developing type 2 diabetes include:
Early diagnosis of diabetes is extremely important. The earlier diabetes is diagnosed, the sooner a person can take steps to manage it well and prevent or delay any complications.
Anyone who has any of these signs and symptoms should visit a healthcare provider. The healthcare provider will decide if a test that will diagnose diabetes is warranted. Symptoms can include:
In some cases, a person can have diabetes but not have any signs and symptoms. Regular check-ups with a health care provider are an important factor in preventing or managing diabetes.
The original source of this text can be found at the Public Health Agency
of Canada, Chronic
Diseases > Diabetes