Health is much more than the absence of disease. A number of factors have an impact on the health of individuals, families and communities, including income, economic development, housing, environment, food security, education and self-determination.
Economic opportunity creates employment, higher education levels and improved skills. When driven by values shared in the communities where development takes place, economic activity can improve the health and well-being of communities, their families and individuals. Economic development and employment are important social determinants of health. Lack of employment leads to material deprivation and psychological stress and often increases unhealthy coping behaviours such as tobacco use and problem drinking.
Inuit Tuttarvingat of NAHO has been working on several projects with a focus on resource extraction and is currently a partner in Mining and Aboriginal Community Health, a multi-disciplinary project synthesizing existing knowledge on the effects of mining on Aboriginal health and known interventions.
Research and Information Needs concerning Community Health Impacts and Benefits from Mining – A 2010 Community Visit Report. (Report)
This report summarizes what community members shared about information and research needed to better understand how mining can contribute to Inuit health and community well-being.
Impact Benefit Agreements: Experience from Northern Regions – English. (Presentation, April 2010)
Impact Benefit Agreements: Experience from Northern Regions – Nunavik dialect. (Presentation, April 2010)
This presentation summarizes the nature of Impact and Benefit Agreements signed between Inuit organizations and mining companies and looks at the contributions these agreements have made and potentially can make to suport and improve the health of Inuit.
Other Resources from Inuit Tuttarvingat:
Impact Benefit Agreements: A Tool for Healthy Inuit Communities (Presentation, December 2009)
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INUIT LAND CLAIMS AGREEMENTS – have been settled for all four Inuit regions in Canada. These agreements are modern-day treaties between the Inuit, Canada and the province where it applies; the agreements are constitutionally protected under section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.
The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA), (1975) – Is the first modern land claim agreement in Canada and is followed by the Sanarrutik Partnership Agreement (2002)– Economic development agreement – http://www.autochtones.gouv.qc.ca/relations_autochtones/ententes/inuits/ententes_inuits_en.htm
The Western Arctic Claim – The Inuvialuit Final Agreement (1984) – One of the agreement’s goals is to “enable Inuvialuit to be equal and meaningful participants in the northern and national economy and society”. – http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/webarchives/20071115155259/http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/pr/agr/inu/wesar_e.html
Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA), (1993) – http://nlca.tunngavik.com/
Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement (2005) and amendments incorporating Overlap Agreement between Labrador Inuit and Nunavik (Quebec) Inuit (2010); the LILCA Act can be found on this website: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/L-4.3/.
Land Claims Agreements Coalition website – http://landclaimscoalition.ca/members.php
A Circumpolar Inuit Declaration on Resource Development Principles in Inuit Nunaat
An Integrated Arctic Strategy, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, 2008- http://www.itk.ca/sites/default/files/Integrated-Arctic-Stratgey.pdf
Auditor General Report on Implementation of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement (2007) – http://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/internet/English/parl_oag_200710_03_e_23827.html
IBA Community Toolkit – guidance on negotiating and implementing Impact and Benefit Agreements. www.ibacommunitytoolkit.ca
The Impact and Benefit Agreement (IBA) Research Network website – research, resources and an IBA database. www.impactandbenefit.com/
Inuit and Social Justice, Mary Simon, President, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami address Ryerson University, May 24, 2011
National Economic Development Committee for Inuit Nunangat (NEDCIN) website- http://www.nedcin.ca/
2010 Nunavut Economic Outlook – analysis of Nunavut’s economic performance and outlook to Nunavut’s economic future to 2025.
Nunavut Economic Forum website – www.nunavuteconomicforum.ca